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Neurology. 2002 Mar 12;58(5):743-50.

The effect of APOE epsilon4 allele on cerebral glucose metabolism in AD is a function of age at onset.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Hyogo Institute for Aging Brain and Cognitive Disorders, Himeji, Japan. hirono@hiabcd.go.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although the APOE epsilon4 allele is a well-known risk factor for developing AD, the impact of the epsilon4 allele on clinical manifestations in patients with AD is still controversial. One possible reason for this controversy is that previous studies did not consider the effect of patient age at symptom onset.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the possible impact of patient age at onset of AD on the effect of APOE genotype on regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRglc).

METHODS:

The authors compared rCMRglc between probable AD patients (based on criteria of the National Institute of Neurologic Disease and Stroke/AD and Related Disorders Association) with APOE epsilon4/4 and APOE epsilon3/3 alleles in early-onset (< or =65 years old) and late-onset (>65 years old) groups. In each group, the patients with APOE epsilon4/4 and APOE epsilon3/3 alleles were comparable for age at onset, age at examination, sex, disease duration, education level, and severity of dementia.

RESULTS:

In the early-onset group, the patients with the APOE epsilon4/4 genotype showed a significant decrease of rCMRglc in the medial temporal lobe and a significant increase of rCMRglc in the inferior parietal and posterior temporal cortices as compared with those patients with the APOE epsilon3/3 genotype. In the late-onset group, there were no significant differences in the rCMRglc pattern between the patients with APOE epsilon4/4 and APOE epsilon3/3 alleles.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current findings indicate that the impact of the APOE epsilon4 genotype on cerebral glucose metabolism of patients with AD may be a function of age at symptom onset.

PMID:
11889238
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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