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Clin Nutr. 2002 Feb;21(1):79-87.

Effects of oleic-rich and omega-3-rich diets on serum lipid pattern and lipid oxidation in mildly hypercholesterolemic patients.

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  • 1Nutritional Support Unit, Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology Service, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

AIMS:

To evaluate which dietary fat elicits the best response in terms of plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and oxidative processes.

METHODS:

After a 4-week run-in period, 14 mildly hypercholesterolemic subjects were fed two balanced diets for 6-week periods. During the first intervention period, patients received a monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)-enriched diet (olive oil diet). During the second period this diet was supplemented by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) (n-3 diet).

RESULTS:

After the olive oil diet, a significant decrease in total serum cholesterol (-8.54%, P<0.01), and in apolipoprotein B (Apo B) (-10.0%, P<0.01) was observed. With the addition of n-3 fatty acids no further significant changes in serum lipid concentrations were found. However, the n-3 diet was followed by an increase in lipoperoxides in isolated native low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (67.23%, P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

A beneficial effect on the serum lipid pattern was observed with the olive oil-enriched diet. The lack of further beneficial modifications on blood lipids and lipoproteins and the increase in the oxidative susceptibility of LDL observed after the addition of n-3 PUFA to the olive oil diet does not favor the use of this diet in hypercholesterolemic patients if it is not associated with a high intake of antioxidants.

Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
11884017
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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