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Nutrition. 2002 Mar;18(3):259-62.

Early nasojejunal feeding in acute pancreatitis is associated with a lower complication rate.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Petz Aladár Teaching Hospital, Gyor, Hungary. olah.seb@arrabonet.gyor.hu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the effect of early jejunal feeding on septic complications and mortality rate in patients with acute pancreatitis in a two-phase, prospective, controlled study.

METHODS:

In the first, randomized phase of the study, conventional parenteral nutrition was compared with early (within 24-72 h after the onset of symptoms) enteral nutrition. Of 89 patients admitted with acute pancreatitis, 48 patients were randomized into a parenteral group (Rindex 10, Infusamin S, Intralipid 10%; 30 kcal/kg) and 41 patients into an enteral group (jejunal tube feeding; Survimed OPD; 30 kcal/kg).

RESULTS:

The rate of septic complications (infected pancreatic necrosis, abscess) was lower in the enteral group (P = 0.08, chi(2) test). In the second phase of the study, early jejunal feeding was combined with prophylactic imipenem (Tienam, 500 mg intravenously twice each day) when necrosis of the pancreas was detected by abdominal computed tomography. When the outcomes of 92 patients in the third group were compared with those of patients in the parenteral group, the rate of septic complications decreased significantly (P = 0.03). Multiple organ failure (P = 0.14) and mortality (P = 0.13) tended to decrease.

CONCLUSIONS:

We believe that the combination of early enteral nutrition and selective, adequate antibiotic prophylaxis may prevent multiple organ failure in patients with acute pancreatitis.

Comment in

PMID:
11882400
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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