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Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2002 Feb;51(1):26-32.

[Encephalitozoon cuniculi and Encephalitozoon intestinalis--causes of opportunistic infections].

[Article in Czech]

Author information

  • 1Parazitologický ústav AV CR, Biologická fakulta, Jihoceská univerzita, Ceské Budĕjovice.


Microsporidia (phylum Microsporidia) are intracellular parasites that infect a wide range of protozoa, invertebrates and vertebrate hosts. Over a 1000 species have been classified into approximately 100 genera. Historically, microsporidial infections in silkworms, honey bees, and salmonid fish have been responsible for significant economic losses. More recently, microsporidiosis has been recognized as an important opportunistic infection in immunologically compromised patients. In this review there is information on the immunobiology of microsporidia Encephalitozoon cuniculi and Encephalitozoon intestinalis which were identified as the most common causative agents of microsporidiosis in mammals. Most of what is known about the immunology of microsporidiosis is based on experiments with the microsporidian Encephalitozoon cuniculi.

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