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Int Rev Immunol. 2001;20(2):181-99.

Selection of phage-displayed peptides recognised by monoclonal antibodies directed against the lipopolysaccharide of Brucella.

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  • 1Immunology and Microbiology laboratory, Research Unit in Molecular Biology (URBM), University of Namur (FUNDP), Belgium.


Panning and screening of various phage display libraries with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against the O-chain of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Brucella sp. allowed the identification of peptidic mimotopes of some O-chain epitopes. Four mAbs were tested. The A76-12G12 mAb, which is specific for LPS of all strains of Brucella, either A- or M-dominant, did not yield any peptidic mimotope, despite a specific yield enrichment during the rounds of panning. The B66-4F9 mAb, that recognises an epitope common to both Brucella sp. and Yersinia enterocilitca O:9 strains, allowed the selection of only one phage clone that was shown to be an antigenic but not immunogenic mimotope. The B66-2C8 and A15-6B3 mAbs, respectively, specific for the LPS of A-dominant and M-dominant Brucella sp., yielded several sequences, which allowed the determination of consensus sequences. These consensus will be of high interest for the construction of second generation libraries. For the best binding peptides, competition with LPS for the binding to the mAb is detected, which suggests that the peptides bind to the paratope of the mAb. The phages selected from the libraries were used to immunise mice, and a weak antibody response directed against LPS has been observed for some peptides. These data suggest that a subset of the selected peptides are immunogenic mimotopes of the LPS epitopes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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