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J Biol Chem. 2002 May 17;277(20):17597-604. Epub 2002 Mar 4.

Dynamin is a minibrain kinase/dual specificity Yak1-related kinase 1A substrate.

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  • 1Molecular Biology Department, New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA.


The minibrain kinase (Mnbk)/dual specificity Yak 1-related kinase 1A (Dyrk1A) gene is implicated in the mental retardation associated with Down's syndrome. It encodes a proline-directed serine/threonine kinase whose function has yet to be defined. We have used a solid-phase Mnbk/Dyrk1A kinase assay to aid in the search for the cellular Mnbk/Dyrk1A substrates. The assay revealed that rat brain contains two cytosolic proteins, one with a molecular mass of 100 kDa and one with a molecular mass of 140 kDa, that were prominently phosphorylated by Mnbk/Dyrk1A. The 100-kDa protein was purified and identified as dynamin 1. The conclusion was further supported by evidence that a recombinant glutathione S-transferase fusion protein containing dynamin isoform 1aa was phosphorylated by Mnbk/Dyrk1A. In addition to isoform 1aa, Mnbk/Dyrk1A also phosphorylated isoforms 1ab and 2aa but not human MxA protein when analyzed by the solid-phase kinase assay. Upon Mnbk/Dyrk1A phosphorylation, the interaction of dynamin 1 with the Src homology 3 domain of amphiphysin 1 was reduced. However, when Mnbk/Dyrk1A phosphorylation was allowed to proceed more extensively, the phosphorylation enhanced rather than reduced the binding of dynamin 1 to amphiphysin 1. The result suggests that Mnbk/Dyrk1A can play a dual role in regulating the interaction of dynamin 1 with amphiphysin 1. Mnbk/Dyrk1A phosphorylation also reduced the interaction of dynamin with endophilin 1, whereas the same phosphorylation enhanced the binding of dynamin 1 to Grb2. Nevertheless, the dual function of Mnbk/Dyrk1A phosphorylation was not observed for the interaction of dynamin 1 with endophilin 1 or Grb2. The interactions of dynamin with amphiphysin and endophilin are essential for the formation of endocytic complexes; our results suggest that Mnbk/Dyrk1A may function as a regulator controlling the assembly of endocytic apparatus.

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