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J Biol Chem. 2002 May 3;277(18):15621-8. Epub 2002 Feb 27.

Rapid phosphorylation of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C1/C2 in response to physiologic levels of hydrogen peroxide in human endothelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) has been implicated as a signaling agent in numerous signal transduction pathways in mammalian cells. However, to date, no sensor for low concentrations (<10 microm) of H(2)O(2) has been identified. Using a functional proteomic approach, nuclear extracts from human umbilical vein endothelial cells were analyzed by two-dimensional PAGE with or without prior treatment with a low concentration of H(2)O(2). A protein doublet with a molecular mass of 39-41 kDa and a pI of approximately 5.0 was observed to be consistently altered by the treatment. Using proteolytic peptide mass fingerprinting, the protein was identified as heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C1/C2, a nuclear restricted, pre-mRNA-binding protein. Upon two-dimensional PAGE, each heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein-C splice form was present as multiple spots because of differing levels of phosphorylation. Upon treatment with H(2)O(2), there was an increase in phosphorylation at 10-20 min, which partially reversed by 30 min. Subsequently, at 60 min after treatment, a population of unphosphorylated protein was transiently present. The effects were observed with as little as 1 microm H(2)O(2) and were maximal with 5-8 microm H(2)O(2). The H(2)O(2)-stimulated phosphorylation was inhibited by catalase, but not by the transcriptional inhibitor actinomycin D.

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