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J Feline Med Surg. 2001 Sep;3(3):143-7.

Clinical application of plasma clearance of iohexol on feline patients.

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  • 1Angel Animal Hospital, 2827-1 Furushiro, Yatsushiro, Kumamoto 866-0043, Japan.


Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated by plasma clearance of iohexol (PCio) in 52 conscious cats presented for a variety of reasons to Angel Animal Hospital over a 2-year period. Cats were divided into four groups according to their clinical conditions and reasons for measuring PCio. The median PCio (ml/min/kg) was 3.68 in normal cats (NM), 2.39 in cats with suspected renal disease (SP), 1.35 in cats referred to confirm renal dysfunction (RD), and 0.84 in cats with apparent clinical signs of renal failure (RF). There was a significant difference between the results for each group. The respective medians of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and plasma creatinine concentration (Pcr) (mg/dl) were 15 and 1.40 in NM cats, 21 and 1.71 in SP cats, 30 and 2.20 in RD cats, and 48 and 3.30 in RF cats. The reference values of BUN and Pcr were 21 +/- 7 mg/dl and 1.5 +/- 0.4 mg/dl (mean +/- SD). Diminished renal function could not be detected in SP cats by either BUN or Pcr, while a marked decrease of GFR was demonstrated before BUN and Pcr increased, indicating the insensitivity of BUN and Pcr in detecting renal dysfunction in cats. PCio can be performed non-invasively in conscious cats, which improves the veterinarian's ability to detect early stages of chronic renal disease.

Copyright 2001 European Society of Feline Medicine.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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