Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
Radiology. 2002 Mar;222(3):661-6.

Superparamagnetic iron oxide-mediated hepatic signal intensity change in patients with and without cirrhosis: pulse sequence effects and Kupffer cell function.

Author information

  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan. tanimoto@t3.rim.or.jp



To analyze superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-mediated hepatic signal intensity change in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic liver and to investigate the relationship between pulse sequence effects in SPIO-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for hepatic cirrhosis.


Twelve patients with and 12 patients without cirrhosis underwent T2-weighted fast spin-echo, T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE), and T1-weighted GRE MR imaging before and twice (early and late phase) after SPIO administration. To assess the effect of SPIO, postcontrast relative signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) changes were statistically analyzed with repeated measurements analysis of variance for each pulse sequence.


No interaction was shown between groups and data time points for any pulse sequence. There was no significant difference in mean hepatic relative SNR change on T2-weighted fast spin-echo images between the cirrhotic group and noncirrhotic group (-38.6% and -40.7%, early phase; -42.2% and -49.6%, late phase, respectively). For GRE images, statistically significant differences in mean hepatic relative SNR change were found between the cirrhotic group and noncirrhotic group (-14.2% and -44.5%, early phase; -28.5% and -56.4%, late phase on T2*-weighted GRE images (P <.001); 31.8% and 12.9%, early phase; 23.8% and 2.2%, late phase on T1-weighted GRE images (P <.05), respectively.


Decreased overall phagocytic activity in cirrhotic liver is more likely due to Kupffer cell dysfunction than to Kupffer cell depletion, since magnetic susceptibility effects on T2*-weighted GRE images depend on intracellular SPIO cluster size.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk