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Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2001 Feb;30(1):12-5.

[Myoid/myofibroblastic differentiation in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: a clinicopathologic study of six cases].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Cancer Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.



The nature of myoid/myofibroblastic differentiation in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) and its clinical and pathological significance were studied.


124 DFSPs were reviewed by light microscopy. 6 cases with areas of myoid/myofibroblastic differentiation were assayed with immunohistochemical technique and electron microscopy was applied in two cases.


Myoid/myofibroblastic differentiation occurred most commonly in fibrosarcomatous DFSP (FS-DFSP). It was recognized histologically as peripherally distributed or randomly scattered small eosinophilic nodules or short bundles, which were composed of bland spindle cells, closely resembling smooth muscle cells or myofibroblasts. Immunohistochemically, cells in myoid/myofibroblastic areas showed positive staining for alpha-SMA, MSA and vimentin, but negative for desmin and CD34. Electron microscopic study displayed the presence of microfilament bundles, focal dense bodies and micropinocytic vesicles, consistent with those of myofibroblasts.


Myoid/myofibroblastic areas in DFSP possibly represents the hyperplasia of stromal myofibroblasts, rather than true myofibroblastic differentiation of the neoplastic cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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