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Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2001 Oct;21(5):437-51.

Calcium-dependent regulation of interactions of caldesmon with calcium-binding proteins found in growth cones of chick forebrain neurons.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA.


1. This study was undertaken to determine if caldesmon, calmodulin, S100beta, and neurocalcin delta were present in chick forebrain neurons, and if so, to investigate the interactions of these proteins in the presence of different concentrations of calcium. 2. Immunocytochemistry was used to determine the presence and localization of these proteins in cultured forebrain neurons. Western blotting, gel electrophoresis in the presence of different concentrations of calcium, chemical cross-linking, and affinity chromatography were used to investigate the interactions of these proteins with each other. 3. Our data show that caldesmon and three calcium-binding proteins (S100beta, calmodulin, and neurocalcin 3) are localized in growth cones and neurites of chick forebrain neurons in culture. In the presence of different concentration of calcium, these calcium-binding proteins have different affinities to caldesmon and to each other. S100beta binds with greater affinity than calmodulin to caldesmon, and its ability to bind to caldesmon is regulated by neurocalcin delta. 4. These findings suggest a specific calcium-dependent regulatory pathway for modulating actomyosin during growth cone motility.

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