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J Pathol. 2002 Mar;196(3):287-91.

Loss of heterozygosity and allelic imbalance in apocrine metaplasia of the breast: microdissection microsatellite analysis.

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  • 1Department of Histopathology, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, St. Bartholomew's and the Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, West Smithfield, London EC1A 7BE, UK. aaselim@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and allelic imbalance (AI) at loci reported to show allele loss and/or imbalance in preinvasive and invasive breast cancer were examined in 41 cases of apocrine metaplasia (APM) of the breast using a microdissection technique, polymorphic microsatellite markers, and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Occasional examples of LOH and/or AI were identified in 2/28 (7.1%) informative cases at 1p (MYCL1), 2/14 (14.3%) at 11q (INT2), 1/15 (6.7%) at 13q (D13S267), 3/22 (13.6%) at 16q (D16S539), 2/23 (8.7%) at 17p (TP53), and 1/11 (9.1%) at 17p (D17S513) and 3/16 (18.8%) at 17q (D17S250). The finding of LOH/AI in cases of APM indicates that a subset of APM appears clonal, but the significance of allelic loss or imbalance in the pathogenesis of APM or its possible subsequent progression to carcinoma is not yet clear and requires further investigation. Clinical follow-up of these particular cases of APM showing LOH/AI would be of further value.

Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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