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J Pediatr Surg. 1975 Oct;10(5):751-5.

Recurrent intussusception in children.


Twenty-eight children with 35 recurrent intussusceptions were collected and analyzed from a series of 600 intussusceptions over 17 yr. The overall recurrence rate in the entire series was 5% with 11% recurring after hydrostatic barium enema reduction, and 3% after operative reduction. Twenty-three children had one recurrence each, four children had two recurrences, and one child had four recurrent intussusceptions. More than two-thirds of the patients had a recurrence within 6 mo of their first intussusception, and half of these presented earlier and with fewer signs and symptoms than the previous attack had manifested. Twenty-one of 30 recurrences were reduced with barium enema. Sixteen were operated on, reducing nine manually and resecting four others. Only two leading points were found, and in both instances resection was required. All but two of the intussusceptions were ileocolic. The previous mode of reduction of each intussusception did not set a trend for future treatment of recurrent intussusceptions in the same child. While operative reduction diminishes the chances of a recurrent intussusception and ileocolic resection eliminates it, there does not seem to be any indication for surgery as long as barium enema reduction is successful. We have never observed the hydrostatic reduction of an intussusception caused by a leading point.

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