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J Immunol. 1975 Dec;115(6):1505-8.

Cationic proteins of human granulocytes. VI. Effects on the complement system and mediation of chemotactic activity.


The chymotrypsin-like cationic proteins of human granulocytes are shown to possess the ability to produce conversion of the complement components C1s, C4, C3, and C5 as detected by crossed immuno-electrophoresis. This ability seems to be a direct proteolytic effect. Incubation of cationic proteins with serum or functionally pure preparations of C3 and C5 is shown to generate the formation of chemotactic activity which is abolished by prolonged incubation. Also, the chemotactic activity of porcine C5a or spontaneously activated C5 is abolished by incubation with cationic proteins. It is suggested that the chymotrypsin-like cationic proteins of human granulocytes after extrusion from the phagocytic cell play an important role for generation of inflammatory mediators.

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