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J Hum Lact. 2001 Aug;17(3):245-55.

The effect of breastfeeding education on adolescent beliefs and attitudes: a randomized school intervention in the Canadian Ojibwa community of Sagkeeng.

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  • 1Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, R2008-351 Taché Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R2H 2A6.


Sagkeeng First Nation's adolescent breastfeeding educational session was evaluated using a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. The intervention group received the session first; the control group received the session following the posttest. A retention test to measure overall retained learning was given to all students 10 days later. Breastfeeding beliefs increased (mean +/- SD = 41.9 to 47.0, P = .0047) from pretest to posttest for intervention subjects but not for controls. There were no changes in bottle-feeding beliefs or breastfeeding attitudes. There was an increase in breastfeeding beliefs from pretest to retention test for all students (true treatment effect [TTE] = .85 standard deviation units [SDU], P = .004). Learning was gender specific, with females experiencing increases in breastfeeding beliefs (TTE = 1.12 SDU, P = .004), decreases in bottle-feeding beliefs (TTE = -.77 SDU, P = .04), and a trend to increased breastfeeding attitudes (TTE = .41 SDU, NS). Males showed small, inconsistent learning effects. Learning occurred in the areas of health, convenience, cost, and decreased embarrassment.

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