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J Bacteriol. 2002 Mar;184(5):1474-80.

The flavoenzyme ferredoxin (flavodoxin)-NADP(H) reductase modulates NADP(H) homeostasis during the soxRS response of Escherichia coli.

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  • 1Molecular Biology Division, Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 531, S2002-LRK Rosario, Argentina.


Escherichia coli cells from strain fpr, deficient in the soxRS-induced ferredoxin (flavodoxin)-NADP(H) reductase (FPR), display abnormal sensitivity to the bactericidal effects of the superoxide-generating reagent methyl viologen (MV). Neither bacteriostatic effects nor inactivation of oxidant-sensitive hydrolyases could be detected in fpr cells exposed to MV. FPR inactivation did not affect the MV-driven soxRS response, whereas FPR overexpression led to enhanced stimulation of the regulon, with concomitant oxidation of the NADPH pool. Accumulation of a site-directed FPR mutant that uses NAD(H) instead of NADP(H) had no effect on soxRS induction and failed to protect fpr cells from MV toxicity, suggesting that FPR contributes to NADP(H) homeostasis in stressed bacteria.

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