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J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Feb 20;124(7):1134-5.

Phenanthroline complexes bearing fused dipyrrolylquinoxaline anion recognition sites: efficient fluoride anion receptors.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712-1167, USA.


Novel anion recognition host molecules, tris-1,10-phenanthroline cobalt(III) and bis-2,2'-bipyridine mono-1,10-phenanthroline ruthenium(II) complexes bearing fused dipyrrolylquinoxaline moieties have been synthesized. As determined by UV-vis spectroscopic and electrochemical studies, these metal complexes bind fluoride with high affinity in polar media both in absolute terms and relative to the metal-free phenanthroline dipyrrolylquinozaline precursor from which they are derived (fluoride is bound to the tris-1,10-phenanthroline cobalt(III) dipyrrolylquinoxaline system with a 1:1 binding constant of 54 000 M-1 in DMSO). The large observed binding constants are ascribed to two factors, (i) the presence of a phenanthroline-coordinated cationic charge that decreases the electron density on the pyrrole NH protons and (ii) pure electrostatic effects.

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