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Mol Psychiatry. 2002;7(2):201-7.

Excess of allele1 for alpha3 subunit GABA receptor gene (GABRA3) in bipolar patients: a multicentric association study.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University Clinics of Brussels, Erasme Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Belgium. imassat@ulb.ac.be

Abstract

The available data from preclinical and pharmacological studies on the role of gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) support the hypothesis that a dysfunction in brain GABAergic system activity contributes to the vulnerability to bipolar affective disorders (BPAD). Moreover, the localization of the alpha3 subunit GABA receptor GABRA3 gene on the Xq28, a region of interest in certain forms of bipolar illness, suggests that GABRA3 may be a candidate gene in BPAD. In the present study, we tested the genetic contribution of the GABRA3 dinucleotide polymorphism in a European multicentric case-control sample, matched for sex and ethnogeographical origin. Allele and genotype (in females) frequencies were compared in 185 BPAD patients and 370 controls. A significant increase of genotype 1-1 was observed in BPAD females compared to controls (P=0.0004). Furthermore, when considering recessivity of allele 1 (females with genotype 1-1 and males carrying allele 1), results were even more significant (P= 0.00002). Our findings suggest that the GABRA3 polymorphism may confer susceptibility to or may be in linkage disequilibrium with another gene involved in the genetic etiology of BPAD.

PMID:
11840313
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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