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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2002 Jan;84(1):93-9.

Risk factors for survival and local control in chondrosarcoma of bone.

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  • 1Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Northfield, Birmingham, England, UK.


We studied 153 patients with non-metastatic chondrosarcoma of bone to determine the risk factors for survival and local tumour control. The minimum follow-up was for five years; 52 patients had axial and 101 appendicular tumours. Surgical treatment was by amputation in 27 and limb-preserving surgery in 126. The cumulative rate of survival of all patients, at 10 and 15 years, was 70% and 63%, respectively; 40 patients developed a local recurrence between 3 and 87 months after surgery and 49 developed metastases. Local recurrence was associated with poor survival in patients with concomitant metastases but not in those without. On multivariate analysis independent risk factors for rates of survival include extracompartmental spread, development of local recurrence and high histological grade. Independent risk factors for local recurrence include inadequate surgical margins and tumour size greater than 10 cm. Location within the body, the type of surgery and the duration of symptoms are of no prognostic significance. Surgical excision with an oncologically wide margin provides the best prospect both for cure and local control in these patients.

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