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Am J Med. 2002 Feb 1;112(2):126-34.

Potential indications for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in atherosclerotic vascular disease.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.


Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are well established as first-line therapy for patients with left ventricular dysfunction, diabetic patients with hypertension or renal disease, and patients recovering from myocardial infarction. Angiotensin II and bradykinin regulate cellular proliferation, inflammation, and endothelial function, thus playing an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. A large body of experimental evidence reporting that ACE inhibitors limit these effects has formed the rationale for major clinical trials of these drugs in the management of atherosclerotic vascular disease. The first trial to be completed demonstrated that ACE inhibition improves the prognosis of patients who have, or are at risk of, atherosclerotic vascular disease, independent of its effects on left ventricular function and hypertension. Expanding the indications for ACE inhibitors is now evidence driven, although the choice of agent for these new indications remains to be determined by further research.

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