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J Immunol. 2002 Feb 15;168(4):1759-69.

Distinct role of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinases in IL-10-dependent and IL-10-independent regulation of the costimulatory molecule B7.2 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human monocytic cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


The costimulatory molecule B7.2 (CD86) plays a vital role in immune activation and development of Th responses. The molecular mechanisms by which B7.2 expression is regulated are not understood. We investigated the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in the regulation of B7.2 expression in LPS-stimulated human monocytic cells. LPS stimulation of human monocytes resulted in the down-regulation of B7.2 expression that could be abrogated by anti-IL-10 Abs. Furthermore, SB202190, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, inhibited LPS-induced IL-10 production and reversed B7.2 down-regulation, suggesting that LPS-induced B7.2 down-regulation may be mediated, at least in part, via regulation of IL-10 production by p38 MAPK. In contrast to human promonocytic THP-1 cells that are refractory to the inhibitory effects of IL-10, LPS stimulation enhanced B7.2 expression. This IL-10-independent B7.2 induction was not influenced by specific inhibitors of either p38 or p42/44 MAPK. To ascertain the role of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK, dexamethasone, an inhibitor of JNK activation, was used, which inhibited LPS-induced B7.2 expression. Transfection of THP-1 cells with a plasmid expressing a dominant-negative stress-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase 1 significantly reduced LPS-induced B7.2 expression, thus confirming the involvement of JNK. To study the signaling events downstream of JNK activation, we show that dexamethasone did not inhibit LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation in THP-1 cells, suggesting that JNK may not be involved in NF-kappaB activation leading to B7.2 expression. Taken together, our results reveal the distinct involvement of p38 in IL-10-dependent, and JNK in IL-10-independent regulation of B7.2 expression in LPS-stimulated monocytic cells.

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