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EMBO J. 2002 Feb 1;21(3):251-8.

Contrasting requirements for ubiquitylation during Fc receptor-mediated endocytosis and phagocytosis.

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  • 1Cell Biology Program, Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada.


Fc receptors on leukocytes mediate internalization of antibody-containing complexes. Soluble immune complexes are taken up by endocytosis, while large antibody-opsonized particles are internalized by phagocytosis. We investigated the role of ubiquitylation in internalization of the human FcgammaRIIA receptor by endocytosis and phagocytosis. A fusion of FcgammaRIIA to green fluorescent protein (GFP) was expressed in ts20 cells, which bear a temperature-sensitive mutation in the E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme. Uptake of soluble IgG complexes mediated by FcgammaRIIA-GFP was blocked by incubation at the restrictive temperature, indicating that endocytosis requires ubiquitylation. In contrast, phagocytosis and phagosomal maturation were largely unaffected when ubiquitylation was impaired. FcgammaRIIA-GFP was ubiquitylated in response to receptor cross-linking. Elimination of the lysine residues present in the cytoplasmic domain of FcgammaRIIA impaired endocytosis, but not phagocytosis. The proteasomal inhibitor clasto-lactacystin beta-lactone strongly inhibited endocytosis, but did not affect phagocytosis. These studies demonstrate a role for ubiquitylation in the endocytosis of immune receptors, and reveal fundamental differences in the mechanisms underlying internalization of a single receptor depending on the size or multiplicity of the ligand complex.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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