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J Clin Oncol. 2002 Feb 1;20(3):680-7.

Tumor hypoxia has independent predictor impact only in patients with node-negative cervix cancer.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Ontario Cancer Institute/Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. anthony.fyles@rmp.uhn.on.ca

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This prospective clinical study was begun in 1994 to validate the independent prognostic impact of tumor hypoxia in patients with cervix cancer treated with definitive radiation therapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Between May 1994 and January 1999, 106 eligible patients with epithelial cervix cancer had tumor oxygen pressure (PO(2)) measured using the Eppendorf probe. Oxygenation data are presented as the hypoxic proportion, defined as the percentage of PO(2) readings less than 5 mm/Hg (abbreviated as HP(5)) and the median PO(2).

RESULTS:

The median HP(5) in individual patients was 48%, and the median PO(2) was HP(5). Progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with hypoxic tumors (HP(5) > 50%) was 37% at 3 years versus 67% in those patients with better oxygenated tumors (P =.004). In multivariate analysis, only tumor size (risk ratio [RR], 1.33; P =.0003) and evidence of pelvic nodal metastases on imaging studies (RR, 2.52; P =.0065) were predictive of PFS. However, an interaction between nodal status and oxygenation was observed (P =.006), and further analysis indicated that HP(5) was an independent predictor of outcome in patients with negative nodes on imaging (P =.007). There was a significant increase in the 3-year cumulative incidence of distant metastases in the hypoxic group (41% v 15% in those with HP(5) < 50%; P =.0023), but not in pelvic relapse (37% v 27%; P =.12).

CONCLUSION:

Tumor hypoxia is an independent predictor of poor PFS only in patients with node-negative cervix cancer, in addition to tumor size. Its impact appears to be related to an increased risk of distant metastases rather than to an effect on pelvic control.

PMID:
11821448
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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