Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Oncol. 2002 Feb 1;20(3):665-73.

Prolonged infusion of gemcitabine: clinical and pharmacodynamic studies during a phase I trial in relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Experimental Therapeutics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. vgandhi@mdanderson.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the maximum tolerated duration of infusions at the fixed gemcitabine dose rate of 10 mg/m(2)/min and to analyze the pharmacodynamic actions in leukemia blasts during gemcitabine therapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The study was conducted in a phase I trial by escalating the duration of gemcitabine infusion at a fixed-dose rate of 10 mg/m(2)/min. Patients with relapsed or refractory acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) received gemcitabine for 8.0 (n = 3), 10.0 (n = 3), 12.5 (n = 8), 15.5 (n = 3), or 18.0 hours (n = 2). Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic investigations were undertaken in circulating AML blasts.

RESULTS:

Gemcitabine was infused for up to 18 hours at the fixed-dose rate. Four patients had grade 3 toxicities at longer infusion schedules. One patient had a partial remission; two others had a reduction in blasts and concomitant rise in neutrophils. Gemcitabine triphosphate was detectable in AML cells even at 1 hour after the start of infusion in eight patients. The concentration ranged from 130 to 900 micromol/L at the end of the infusion. Consistently, there was a rapid decline in DNA synthesis, which remained suppressed at 85% to 95% during and for at least 10 hours after the end of the infusion. Compared with levels in cells measured before therapy, at 8 hours after the start of the infusion, there was a decline in the cellular purine deoxynucleotide pools.

CONCLUSION:

At the fixed-dose rate of 10 mg/m(2)/min, gemcitabine could be administered for longer than 12 hours without untoward toxicity. The favorable toxicity profile and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic features warrant combination with DNA-damaging agents.

PMID:
11821446
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk