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Curr Biol. 2002 Jan 22;12(2):R62-4.

Chloroplast evolution: secondary symbiogenesis and multiple losses.

Author information

  • Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK. tom.cavalier-smith@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

Chloroplasts originated from cyanobacteria only once, but have been laterally transferred to other lineages by symbiogenetic cell mergers. Such secondary symbiogenesis is rarer and chloroplast losses commoner than often assumed.

PMID:
11818081
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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