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J Aging Health. 2001 Aug;13(3):379-409.

Predictors of transitions in disease and disability in pre- and early-retirement populations.

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  • 1Portland State University, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study analyzed rates of prevalence and incidence of, and transitions in, disease and disability statuses of those aged 51 to 61 years and the predictors of the transition outcomes-remaining free of disease or disability, getting better, or getting worse-over a 2-year period.

METHODS:

Data from the 1992 and 1994 interview waves of the Health and Retirement Study were used for gender-separate binary and multinomial logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS:

Despite high prevalence and incidence rates of chronic disease and functional limitations, the improvement rates in disabilities were also high. For both genders, age, years of education, health-related behaviors, and comorbidity factors were significant predictors of the transition outcomes.

DISCUSSION:

The significance of health-related behaviors as predictors of transitions suggests that lifestyle factors may have a bigger influence on this age group than on older groups.

PMID:
11813732
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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