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J Cell Sci. 2002 Jan 1;115(Pt 1):61-70.

Myne-1, a spectrin repeat transmembrane protein of the myocyte inner nuclear membrane, interacts with lamin A/C.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


Mutations in the genes encoding the inner nuclear membrane proteins lamin A/C and emerin produce cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy in humans and mice. The mechanism by which these broadly expressed gene products result in tissue-specific dysfunction is not known. We have identified a protein of the inner nuclear membrane that is highly expressed in striated and smooth muscle. This protein, myne-1 (myocyte nuclear envelope), is predicted to have seven spectrin repeats, an interrupted LEM domain and a single transmembrane domain at its C-terminus. We found that myne-1 is expressed upon early muscle differentiation in multiple intranuclear foci concomitant with lamin A/C expression. In mature muscle, myne-1 and lamin A/C are perfectly colocalized, although colocalization with emerin is only partial. Moreover, we show that myne-1 and lamin A/C coimmunoprecipitate from differentiated muscle in vitro. The muscle-specific inner nuclear envelope expression of myne-1, along with its interaction with lamin A/C, indicates that this gene is a potential mediator of cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy.

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