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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 25;290(3):909-13.

Hydrogen peroxide is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor in human mesenteric arteries.

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  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.


The endothelium plays an important role in maintaining vascular homeostasis by synthesizing and releasing several vasodilating factors, including prostacyclin, nitric oxide, and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). We have recently identified that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is an EDHF in mice. The present study was designed to examine whether this is also the case in humans. Bradykinin elicited endothelium-dependent relaxations and hyperpolarizations in the presence of indomethacin and N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine, which thus were attributed to EDHF, in human mesenteric arteries. The EDHF-mediated relaxations were significantly inhibited by catalase, an enzyme that specifically decomposes H(2)O(2), whereas catalase did not affect endothelium-independent hyperpolarizations to levcromakalim. Exogenous H(2)O(2) elicited relaxations and hyperpolarizations in endothelium-stripped arteries. Gap junction inhibitor 18alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid partially inhibited, whereas inhibitors of cytochrome P450 did not affect the EDHF-mediated relaxations. These results indicate that H(2)O(2) is also a primary EDHF in human mesenteric arteries with some contribution of gap junctions.

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