Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Dev Biol. 2001 Oct 1;238(1):168-84.

Transgenic Xenopus embryos reveal that anterior neural development requires continued suppression of BMP signaling after gastrulation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Zoology, Wellcome/CRC Institute, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1QR, United Kingdom.


In vertebrates, BMP signaling before gastrulation suppresses neural development. Later in development, BMP signaling specifies a dorsal and ventral fate in the forebrain and dorsal fate in the spinal cord. It is therefore possible that a change in the competence of the ectoderm to respond to BMP signaling occurs at some point in development. We report that exposure of the anterior neural plate to BMP4 before gastrulation causes suppression of all neural markers tested. To determine the effects of BMP4 after gastrulation, we misexpressed BMP4 using a Pax-6 promoter fragment in transgenic frog embryos and implanted beads soaked in BMP4 in the anterior neural plate. Suppression of most anterior neural markers was observed. We conclude that most neural genes continue to require suppression of BMP signaling into the neurula stages. Additionally, we report that BMP4 and BMP7 are abundantly expressed in the prechordal mesoderm of the neurula stage embryo. This poses the paradox of how the expression of most neural genes is maintained if they can be inhibited by BMP signaling. We show that at least one gene in the anterior neural plate suppresses the response of the ectoderm to BMP signaling. We propose that the suppressive effect of BMP signaling on the expression of neural genes coupled with localized suppressors of BMP signaling result in the fine-tuning of gene expression in the anterior neural plate.

Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk