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Oncogene. 2001 Dec 6;20(56):8136-41.

Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity accelerates T-cell lymphomagenesis in p53 deficient mice.

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  • 1Institut für Zellbiologie (Tumorforschung), I F Z, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Virchowstrasse 173, D-45122 Essen, Germany.

Abstract

Cells that lack PARP-1 activity are limited in their ability to repair DNA single strand breaks and respond to DNA damage with a strong accumulation of p53 and enhanced rates of apoptotic cell death. We have generated combinatorial mutant mice that both lack p53 and PARP-1 activity due to the expression of a dominant negative PARP-1 allele targeted to T-cells by the lck promoter. Here we report that these double mutant mice develop T-cell lymphoma at a significantly reduced latency period compared to single p53 null mice that are already cancer prone. We demonstrate that the absence of p53 does not only protect T-cells from lck-PARP-DBD transgenic mice from apoptosis but also abrogates the DNA damage induced cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase. T-cells from double mutant mice continue to proliferate after the induction of DNA strand breaks, are limited in their DNA repair capacity and cannot be eliminated by apoptosis. These results indicate that PARP-1 and p53 cooperate in the suppression of tumorigenesis by maintaining genomic integrity after DNA damage through the activation of a G1/S cell cycle checkpoint the initiation of DNA repair and the induction of cell death.

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