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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jan;43(1):176-82.

Protein interactions with myocilin.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To identify factors that interact in vivo with myocilin, a glaucoma gene product.

METHODS:

The yeast two-hybrid system with myocilin as the bait and a human skeletal muscle cDNA library as the prey was used to identify potential factors that interact with myocilin. Interactions were also examined in bovine trabecular meshwork (TM) cells through a mammalian two-hybrid system. Biochemical coimmunoprecipitation from both human TM cell lysate and in vitro translated proteins was also used to confirm results obtained from yeast analysis.

RESULTS:

Twenty positive clones isolated through yeast two-hybrid screening were deemed potential myocilin partners. Sequence analysis determined that two of them encoded for myocilin from amino acids 64 to 268. Myocilin was also found to interact with a component of the myosin motor protein, myosin regulatory light chain (RLC). The myocilin-myocilin and myocilin-RLC interactions revealed by the yeast system were further confirmed and demonstrated in cultured TM cells, by means of a mammalian two-hybrid system, and through biochemical coimmunoprecipitation, subcellular fractionation, immunofluorescence, and immunogold double labeling.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that myocilin can form homomultimers in vivo, independent of the olfactomedin-like domain. Further analysis established that the leucine zipper motif of myocilin may be necessary for the myocilin-RLC interaction. The interaction of myocilin with RLC, a component of the myosin motor protein complex, implies a role for myocilin in the actomyosin system, linking in turn this novel protein to functional status of the TM.

PMID:
11773029
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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