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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2001 Nov-Dec;16(6):864-74.

Growth analysis of a patient with ectodermal dysplasia treated with endosseous implants: a case report.

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  • 1Division of Orthodontics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.


Congenital absence of multiple teeth and poorly developed alveolar ridges are associated with ectodermal dysplasia. Affected patients often require dental prosthetic treatment during their developmental years. Maxillofacial growth and development in a preadolescent female patient with ectodermal dysplasia following oral rehabilitation with maxillary and mandibular endosseous dental implants is reported. Four maxillary and 4 mandibular implants were successfully integrated and restored at 8 years of age. Growth analysis 12 years later revealed that the implants followed maxillary and mandibular growth displacement. Minor impaction of the maxillary implants was observed, and mandibular implants were affected by the mandibular growth rotation, which led to a change in implant inclination. The treatment outcome is compared to similar previously reported studies and cases.

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