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Lakartidningen. 2001 Nov 28;98(48):5490-2, 5495-6.

[Doping in endurance sports. Survey of individual [Hb] levels can expose doping].

[Article in Swedish]

Author information

  • 1Institutionen för fysiologi och farmakologi, Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.


Doping through increasing [Hb] increases physical performance in sport. Therefore, no cross-country skiers with [Hb] values above 160 and 175 g/l for women and men, respectively, may start in competitions. Even plasma expanders have been used, possibly for lowering a high [Hb] but this procedure may not increase physical performance. There are methods available for detecting the use of erythropoietin but not reinfusion of erythrocytes to increase [Hb]. To make it more difficult to increase [Hb] by different unethical methods we suggest that the [Hb] in endurance athletes is determined both during the training and the competition season to establish individual [Hb] mean values and range. Since endurance training at altitude does not increase [Hb] after return to sea level, an occasional increased [Hb] is suspicious. In such a case complementary doping tests may be used.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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