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Chronobiol Int. 2001 Sep;18(5):831-40.

A pedigree of one family with delayed sleep phase syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, USA. sancoliisrael@ucsd.edu

Abstract

The prevalence of delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) has been estimated to be quite low. Although no genetic inheritance pattern has been described, it has been reported that close to 50% of DSPS patients have biological relatives with similar symptoms. A pedigree of one extended family with symptoms suggestive of DSPS has been identified. Morningness-eveningness questionnaires were administered to all first- and second-degree relatives of a proband identified with DSPS. A total of 51 (86%) questionnaires were returned, and 6 adult biological relatives of 27 (22%) showed a preference for eveningness, which is much higher than reported in the general population. Both the paternal and maternal branches contained affected individuals, suggesting the possibility of a bilineal mode of inheritance. While the trait did not obey simple Mendelian inheritance, the vertical patterns of transmission were consistent with either an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance with incomplete penetrance or a multifactorial mode of inheritance. These data provide some preliminary support to the notion that eveningness, and thus DSPS, may have a genetic component. The prevalence of symptoms suggestive of DSPS is higher in this family than reported in the general population. Case reports such as this support the utility of larger, more systematic studies. It is unclear whether this degree of familiarity is representative of that in the general population.

PMID:
11763990
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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