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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2001 Dec;81(6):1014-27.

The automated will: nonconscious activation and pursuit of behavioral goals.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA. john.bargh@nyu.edu

Abstract

It is proposed that goals can be activated outside of awareness and then operate nonconsciously to guide self-regulation effectively (J. A. Bargh, 1990). Five experiments are reported in which the goal either to perform well or to cooperate was activated, without the awareness of participants, through a priming manipulation. In Experiment 1 priming of the goal to perform well caused participants to perform comparatively better on an intellectual task. In Experiment 2 priming of the goal to cooperate caused participants to replenish a commonly held resource more readily. Experiment 3 used a dissociation paradigm to rule out perceptual-construal alternative explanations. Experiments 4 and 5 demonstrated that action guided by nonconsciously activated goals manifests two classic content-free features of the pursuit of consciously held goals. Nonconsciously activated goals effectively guide action, enabling adaptation to ongoing situational demands.

PMID:
11761304
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3005626
Free PMC Article
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