Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMJ. 2001 Dec 22-29;323(7327):1446-9.

Effect of rosary prayer and yoga mantras on autonomic cardiovascular rhythms: comparative study.

Author information

  • 1Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test whether rhythmic formulas such as the rosary and yoga mantras can synchronise and reinforce inherent cardiovascular rhythms and modify baroreflex sensitivity.

DESIGN:

Comparison of effects of recitation of the Ave Maria (in Latin) or of a mantra, during spontaneous and metronome controlled breathing, on breathing rate and on spontaneous oscillations in RR interval, and on blood pressure and cerebral circulation.

SETTING:

Florence and Pavia, Italy.

PARTICIPANTS:

23 healthy adults.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Breathing rate, regularity of breathing, baroreflex sensitivity, frequency of cardiovascular oscillations.

RESULTS:

Both prayer and mantra caused striking, powerful, and synchronous increases in existing cardiovascular rhythms when recited six times a minute. Baroreflex sensitivity also increased significantly, from 9.5 (SD 4.6) to 11.5 (4.9) ms/mm Hg, P<0.05.

CONCLUSION:

Rhythm formulas that involve breathing at six breaths per minute induce favourable psychological and possibly physiological effects.

PMID:
11751348
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC61046
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk