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Tissue Eng. 2001 Dec;7(6):729-41.

Extracellular matrix mineralization and osteoblast gene expression by human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells.

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  • 1Artecel Sciences, Inc., Durham, North Carolina 27713, USA.

Abstract

Human adipose tissue represents an abundant reservoir of stromal cells with potential utility for tissue engineering. The current study demonstrates the ability of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells to display some of the hallmarks of osteoblast differentiation in vitro. Following treatment with ascorbate, beta-glycerophosphate, dexamethasone, and 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D(3), adipose tissue-derived stromal cells mineralize their extracellular matrix based on detection of calcium phosphate deposits using Alizarin Red and von Kossa histochemical stains. Fourier transform infrared analysis demonstrates the apatitic nature of these crystals. Mineralization is accompanied by increased expression or activity of the osteoblast-associated proteins osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase. These and other osteoblast-associated gene markers are detected based on polymerase chain reaction. In contrast, the adipocyte gene markers--leptin, lipoprotein lipase, and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma2--are reduced under mineralization conditions, consistent with the reciprocal relationship postulated to exist between adipocytes and osteoblasts. The current work supports the presence of a multipotent stromal cell population within human extramedullary adipose tissue. These findings have potential implications for human bone tissue bioengineering.

PMID:
11749730
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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