Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Med Pediatr Oncol. 2001 Nov;37(5):432-41.

Comparison of long-term outcome of children and adolescents with disseminated non-lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with COMP or daunomycin-COMP: A report from the Children's Cancer Group.

Author information

  • 1Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA. rsposto@nccf.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Early Children's Cancer Group (CCG) trials indicated that the cyclophosphamide, vincristine, methotrexate, and prednisone (COMP) regimen was superior to the LSA2L2 regimen for non-lymphoblastic (NLB) non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Studies by other groups suggested that addition of anthracyclines to standard therapies could improve outcome. Therefore, in 1983 CCG initiated study CCG-503, a randomized trial of COMP vs. daunomycin-COMP (D-COMP) in children and adolescents with disseminated NLB NHL.

PROCEDURES:

Between December 1983 and April 1990, 404 eligible patients were entered. Patients without central nervous system (CNS) or marrow involvement were randomized to receive COMP (N = 139) or D-COMP (N = 145). Randomization was stratified by histology and site of disease. Patients with CNS or marrow involvement (stage IV) were non-randomly treated with D-COMP (N = 120).

RESULTS:

Ten-year event-free survival in COMP and D-COMP patients was similar: 55 +/- 4.3% (Estimate +/- SE) vs. 57 +/- 4.2% (not significant). Stage I-III patients with large-cell (LC) NHL had worse 10-year event-free survival (EFS) (48 +/- 4.9%) than those with small non-cleaved cell (SNCC) NHL disease (61 +/- 3.5%, P < 0.05 in multivariate analysis), but equivalent survival (65 +/- 4.7% vs. 63 +/- 3.5%) due to significantly higher salvage rates in LC patients, especially those failing more than 12 months from diagnosis. Ten-year EFS in stage IV patients was 39 +/- 5.2%. Addition of daunomycin resulted in higher rates of grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity and stomatitis, as well as late cardiac-related deaths. The incidence of second malignant neoplasms was 1.0% at 10 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Addition of daunomycin to standard COMP therapy did not improve outcome in pediatric disseminated NLB NHL. Patients with LC disease had a significantly reduced long-term EFS, but were retrieved at a higher rate than patients with SNCC disease, resulting in equivalent long-term survival.

Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
11745871
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Supplementary Concepts, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Supplementary Concepts

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk