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Transplantation. 2001 Dec 15;72(11):1826-9.

Transforming growth factor-beta1 and tumor growth factor-beta-inducible gene-H3 in nonrenal transplant cyclosporine nephropathy.

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  • 1Monash University, Department of Medicine, Prahran, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 3181.

Abstract

Cyclosporine nephropathy (CyAN) is a major limiting factor in the otherwise successful widespread use of cyclosporine in solid organ transplant. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been implicated as an important fibrogenic cytokine in the development of this disease. TGF-beta-inducible gene-H3 (beta(ig)-H3) is a TGF-beta1- induced gene product, which acts as a marker for biologically active TGF-beta1. This study reports TGF-beta1 gene expression and beta(ig)-H3 tissue distribution in non-renal allograft CyAN. Renal tissue from nine patients who had developed CyAN after successful heart or heart-lung transplantation and from four kidneys removed for tumour were analyzed for TGF-beta1 gene expression beta(ig)-H3 protein with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry, respectively. TGF-beta1 gene expression was increased in CyAN compared to nephrectomy (P<0.0001). Beta(ig)-H3 protein expression was identified in distal convoluted tubular epithelium and parietal glomerular epithelium in CyAN, and not in nephrectomy samples. Expression of TGF-beta1 mRNA was significantly higher in renal tissue from patients not receiving angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) therapy for hypertension (P<0.05). These findings support the hypothesis that TGF-beta1 is an important cytokine in the development of CyAN, independent of its role in chronic rejection in renal allografts.

PMID:
11740395
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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