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Heredity (Edinb). 2001 Oct;87(Pt 4):456-62.

Deltamethrin resistance in the codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): inheritance and number of genes involved.

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  • 1I.N.R.A., U.M.R. Ecologie des Invertébrés, Site Agroparc, 84 914 AVIGNON Cedex 09, France. jbouvier@avignon.inra.fr


The inheritance of deltamethrin resistance in Cydia pomonella (L.) has been investigated by crossing a resistant (Rv) and a susceptible (Sv) strain, derived from a population collected in south-eastern France in 1995. Deltamethrin resistance was suspected to be under the control of a kdr-type allele and an enhanced mixed-function oxidase (mfo). F(1) and F(2) progenies were therefore tested through dose-response and enzyme assays. Dose-response relationships indicated that resistance was inherited as an autosomal incompletely recessive (D=-0.199) character, involving at least two genes. Enzyme measures suggested the contribution of 1.2 genes to the expression of mfo, with incomplete dominance (D=0.460). Our results support the hypothesis of a polygenic response to deltamethrin selection in the Rv strain, including a major kdr-type allele with a minor effect of mfos. In the light of these findings, we consider the resistance in codling moth populations in south-eastern France as a product of an adaptive sequential selection process, occurring through the sequential addition of resistance genes.

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