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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2001 Dec;33(12):2135-44.

Regulation of sodium-calcium exchange and mitochondrial energetics by Bcl-2 in the heart of transgenic mice.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.

Abstract

Our previous work in cultured cells has shown that the maintenance of mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis is essential for cell survival, and that the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 is able to maintain a threshold level of mitochondrial Ca(2+) by the inhibition of permeability transition. To test whether Bcl-2 also affects the mitochondrial Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange (NCE), a major efflux pathway for mitochondrial Ca(2+), studies using transgenic mice that overexpress Bcl-2 in the heart have been performed. NCE activity was determined as the Na(+)-dependent Ca(2+) efflux in the isolated mitochondria. Overexpression of Bcl-2 led to a significant reduction of NCE activity as well as increased resistance to permeability transition in the mitochondria of transgenic heart. This was accompanied by increased matrix Ca(2+) level, enhanced formation of NADH and enhanced oxidation of pyruvate, an NAD(+)-linked substrate. Furthermore, there was induction of cellular Ca(2+) transport proteins including the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger of the sarcolemma (NCX). Bcl-2 not only stimulates NCX expression in the sarcolemma but also attenuates the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange in the mitochondria. These results are consistent with the protection by Bcl-2 against apoptosis in heart following ischemia/reperfusion.

Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

Comment in

  • Gates of fate. [J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2001]
PMID:
11735260
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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