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J Exp Med. 2001 Dec 3;194(11):1549-59.

Tumor rejection by disturbing tumor stroma cell interactions.

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  • 1Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, 13092 Berlin, Germany.


The stroma of solid tumors is a complex network of different cell types. We analyzed stroma cell interactions in two tumor models during cyclophosphamide (Cy)-induced tumor rejection. In growing tumors, tumor infiltrating macrophages (TIMs) produced interleukin (IL)-10. Beginning 6 h after Cy-treatment T cells in the tumor were inactivated and TIMs switched to interferon (IFN)-gamma production. Both, IL-10 production before and IFN-gamma production after Cy-treatment by TIMs required T cells. With the same kinetics as TIMs started to produce IFN-gamma the tumor vasculature was destroyed which required IFN-gamma receptor expression on host but not tumor cells. These events preceded hemorrhagic necrosis and residual tumor cell elimination by T cells. Together, T cells regulate the function of TIMs and tumor rejection can be induced by disturbing the stroma network.

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