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J Pharm Pharmacol. 2001 Nov;53(11):1439-45.

Comparison of the lymphatic transport of a lipophilic drug from vehicles containing alpha-tocopherol and/or triglycerides in rats.

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  • 1Dumex-Alpharma ApS, Copenhagen, Denmark.


The applicability of alpha-tocopherol as a lymphotropic carrier for a highly lipophilic drug has been evaluated. Transport to the intestinal lymph of the highly lipophilic model drug, Lu28-179, in rats after administration to the stomach in an alpha-tocopherol emulsion was compared with lymphatic transport after administration of a sesame oil emulsion and an alpha-tocopherol/sesame oil emulsion. Lymphatic transport of the triglycerides and of alpha-tocopherol was determined. A conscious rat model was used, and the mesenteric lymph was collected. There was no significant difference between the cumulative masses of triglyceride from the two emulsions containing triglyceride 24 h after administration. Administration of an alpha-tocopherol emulsion seemed to induce mobilization of endogenous triglyceride. The lymphatic transport of alpha-tocopherol was less than 1 mg 24 h after administration of both emulsions containing alpha-tocopherol. The absorption of Lu28-179 from the alpha-tocopherol emulsion was very low, with a lymphatic recovery of 0.05%. When administered in an alpha-tocopherol/sesame oil emulsion, the recovery of Lu28-179 increased sevenfold to 0.35%. However, after administration of Lu28-179 in a sesame oil emulsion, the lymphatic recovery increased a further 13-fold to 4.5%. In conclusion, the study showed that alpha-tocopherol did not promote lymphatic absorption of Lu28-179 and thus was not a good lymphotropic carrier, as compared with sesame oil. Alpha-tocopherol in combination with sesame oil was not a good lymphotropic carrier either. The non-absorbed alpha-tocopherol fraction in the intestine might be able to prevent the absorption of Lu28-179.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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