Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acta Biochim Pol. 2001;48(2):337-50.

Methionyl-tRNA synthetase.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences, PoznaƄ.


Methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) belongs to the family of 20 enzymes essential for protein biosynthesis. It links covalently methionine with its cognate tRNA. Crystal structures solved for bacterial MetRSs have given a number of interesting insights into enzyme architecture and methionylation catalysis. A comparison of sequences of MetRSs belonging to all kingdoms of life, as well as numerous biochemical and genetic studies have revealed the presence of various additional domains appended to the catalytic core of synthetase. They are responsible for interactions with tRNA and proteins. Tertiary structure of C-terminal tRNA-binding appendices can be deduced from those determined for their homologues: tRNA binding protein 111 and endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide II. Contacts between MetRS and other proteins could be mediated not only by noncatalytic peptides but also by structural elements present in the catalytic core, e.g. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motifs. Additional activities involve MetRS in the maintenance of translational fidelity and in coordination of ribosome biogenesis with protein synthesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Acta Biochemica Polonica, Inc.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk