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Ophthalmologe. 2001 Nov;98(11):1017-28.

[History of the development of intraocular lenses].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Universit├Ąts-Augenklinik, Ruprecht Karls Universit├Ąt Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg.

Erratum in

  • Ophthalmologe 2002 May;99(5):379.


Even though cataract surgery has been practiced for over 2000 years, modern cataract surgery started just some 50 years ago. with the first IOL implantation by Sir Harold Ridley. The development of intraocular lenses was accompanied by great successes and disasters. With the fast development of cataract surgical techniques over the past 15 years (ECCE, Phacoemulsification, Capsulorhexis) a successful marriage between IOL-developments and surgery was established. Indication profiles for cataract surgery and IOL implantation extended to more and more patient groups. At this time classical cataract surgery is further developing into refractive intraocular lens surgery to correct higher ametropia in clear lens or phakic eyes. This development was only possible because of the improvements of surgical techniques and implants in classical cataract surgery.

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