Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Kidney Dis. 2001 Dec;38(6):1264-70.

A 5-year follow-up on antibody response after diphtheria and tetanus vaccination in hemodialysis patients.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine and Department of Internal Medicine I, Medical University Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany. kruger@immu.mu-luebeck.de

Abstract

Chronic renal failure is associated with a T-cell-dependent immune defect. In the past, various studies have focused on the insufficient immune response to vaccination of hemodialysis patients. An impaired vaccination response rate has been reported for vaccines against hepatitis B, influenza, tetanus, diphtheria, and others. However, no data exist on the long-term success of vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria in these patients. The aim of the present study is to investigate seroresponse to tetanus and diphtheria vaccination over a 5-year period. Antibody levels were determined by enzyme immunoassay. Antidiphtheria antibody levels of 31 hemodialysis patients were determined 5 years after vaccination. After 5 years, 10 of 31 patients (32%) had a protective antibody level against diphtheria (>/=0.1 IU/mL), whereas 12 months after vaccination, 26 of 71 patients (37%) were protected. Also, mean antibody levels significantly decreased. Furthermore, antitetanus antibody levels of 21 patients simultaneously vaccinated against tetanus and diphtheria were investigated. After 5 years, 15 of 21 patients (71%) were protected compared with 46 of 71 patients (65%) in the hemodialysis collective studied after 12 months. In the interval between 1 and 5 years after vaccination, significantly more patients in the initial nonresponder group had died than in the responder group; therefore, the overall protection rate observed in vaccinated patients increased. Our results provide evidence that during a 5-year period, antibody persistence against tetanus toxoid is better than that against diphtheria toxoid. Therefore, detection of individual antibody concentrations may be indicated to decide on revaccination.

PMID:
11728959
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk