Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurochem. 2001 Nov;79(4):767-76.

S100A12 protein is a strong inducer of neurite outgrowth from primary hippocampal neurons.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Cancer Biology, Institute of Cancer Biology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Several members of the S100 family of Ca(2+) binding proteins are at present known to be secreted and to have extracellular activities. We have investigated the neurite inducing potential of extracellularly added S100A12. Human recombinant S100A12 was found to dramatically induce neuritogenesis of hippocampal cells isolated from 17 to 19 days old rat embryos. The response to S100A12 was dependent on the dose in a bell-shaped manner. A 10-fold increase in neurite outgrowth was observed upon treatment with S100A12 in concentrations between 0.1 and 2.0 microM already after 24 h. Exposure to S100A12 for only 15 min was enough to induce neuritogenesis when measured after 24 h, but to obtain a maximal response, S100A12 had to be present in the culture for at least 4 h. The response to S100A12 was abolished by inhibitors of phospholipase C (PLC), protein kinase C (PKC), Ca(2+) flux, Ca(2+)/calmodulin dependent kinase II (CaMKII) or mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK). Therefore, we suggest that extracellular S100A12 triggers intracellular signal transduction in neurons, involving the classical mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway and a phospholipase C-generated second messenger pathway leading to an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) and activation of PKC, ultimately resulting in neuronal differentiation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk