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J Biol Chem. 2002 Feb 1;277(5):3310-7. Epub 2001 Nov 26.

Regulation of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE5) phosphorylation in smooth muscle cells.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7280, USA.

Abstract

Nitric oxide and endogenous nitrovasodilators regulate smooth muscle tone by elevation of cGMP and activation of cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG). The amplitude and duration of the cGMP signal in smooth muscle is regulated in large part by cGMP-specific cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE5). Previous in vitro data have suggested that both cAMP-dependent protein kinase and PKG can regulate the activity of PDE5. To test if this type of regulation is important in the intact cell, we have generated phospho-PDE5-specific antisera and have utilized isolated smooth muscle cells from mice having a disruption in the PKG I gene as well as cells from normal human smooth muscle. The data show that in human smooth muscle cells, activation of PKG by 8-Br-cGMP led to phosphorylation and activation of PDE5. In the same cells, 8-Br-cAMP had no significant effect on PDE5 phosphorylation. Treatment of wild-type mouse aortic smooth muscle cells with 8-Br-cGMP also induced the phosphorylation of PDE5, whereas no phosphorylation was seen in smooth muscle cells isolated from mice in which the gene for PKG I had been disrupted. As with the human cells, no phosphorylation was seen in the mouse cells in response to 8-Br-cAMP. These results strongly suggest that a major regulatory pathway for control of PDE5 phosphorylation and activity in intact smooth muscle is via PKG-dependent phosphorylation of PDE5. Finally, experiments with calyculin A and okadaic acid suggest that PP1 phosphatase, the catalytic subunit of myosin phosphatase, can regulate PDE5 dephosphorylation. Together, the data suggest that phosphorylation and activation of PDE5 by PKG I and its subsequent dephosphorylation by myosin phosphatase may be key steps in the regulation of relaxation/contraction cycles of smooth muscle.

PMID:
11723116
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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