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Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2001 Sep-Oct;29(5):207-11.

Occupational asthma caused by grass pea used in the industrial processing of parquet.

Author information

  • 1Department of Allergy, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain. seporcel@yahoo.es

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

although grass pea belongs to the leguminoseae family, allergic reactions to its flour have rarely been described. Clinical and immunological studies were performed to confirm a type I hypersensitivity mechanism in a case of occupational asthma to grass pea flour exposure, used in the industrial processing of parquet.

METHODS:

occupational asthma was diagnosed according to patient history, PEFR monitoring and a specific bronchial challenge test. Skin prick test with an aqueous grass pea flour extract, specific IgE determinations (CAP assay) and IgE immunoblot tests were performed.

RESULTS:

skin prick test with the extract showed a positive immediate response, and negative response in controls. Specific IgE to grass pea was positive (9.57 KU/l). Immunoblotting demonstrated the presence of specific serum IgE that recognized 3 proteins in the extract (MW 46, 32 and 28 kDa). PEFR monitoring showed positive results. Bronchial challenge test with the extract elicited an isolated immediate response.

CONCLUSIONS:

as far as we know this is the first time that IgE mediated occupational asthma caused by grass pea is reported and it is also the first time that its allergens are characterized. Grass pea flour might constitute a relevant occupational allergen in this unreported source of exposure in parquet manufacturers.

PMID:
11720656
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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