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J Biol Chem. 2002 Feb 1;277(5):3666-72. Epub 2001 Nov 21.

Fluorescence resonance energy transfer studies on the interaction between the lactate transporter MCT1 and CD147 provide information on the topology and stoichiometry of the complex in situ.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, United Kingdom.

Abstract

The monocarboxylate (lactate) transporters MCT1 and MCT4 require the membrane-spanning glycoprotein CD147 for their correct plasma membrane expression and function. We have successfully expressed CD147 and MCT1 tagged on their C or N termini with either the cyan (CFP) or yellow (YFP) variants of green fluorescent protein. The tagged proteins were correctly targeted to the plasma membrane of COS-7 cells and were functionally active. Measurements of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between all combinations of the tagged proteins were made. FRET was observed when either the C or N terminus of MCT1 (intracellular) is tagged with CFP or YFP and co-expressed with CD147 tagged with YFP or CFP on the C terminus (intracellular) but not the N terminus (extracellular). FRET was also observed between two CD147 molecules when both YFP and CFP were on the C terminus but not when both were on the N terminus or one on either end. No FRET was observed between MCT1-YFP and MCT-CFP in any combination. A wide range of controls including photobleaching were employed to confirm that where FRET was observed, it was not an artifact of direct excitation of YFP by the CFP excitation laser. It was also shown that nonspecific overcrowding of proteins did not induce FRET. Because FRET only occurs between two fluorophores if they are less than 100 A apart and in a suitable orientation, our data provide important information on the topology of CD147 and MCT1 within the plasma membrane. The minimum configuration consistent with the data is a dimer of CD147 associating with two MCT1 molecules such that the C terminus of CD147 in the cytosol is close to the C terminus of its partner CD147 and to the C and N termini of an associated MCT1 molecule. FRET may provide a non-invasive technique for measuring changes in these interactions in living cells.

PMID:
11719518
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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